The spleen is one of the most commonly injured intra-abdominal organs. Diagnosis and prompt management are key to success and their goal is to avoid potentially life-threatening haemorrhage.
The preservation of functional splenic tissue is secondary as usually the attempt to save the spleen is abandoned due to an ongoing hemorrhage that is life-threatening. Emergent and urgent splenectomy remains a life-saving measure for many patients.
The spleen is located posterolateral in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen beneath the left hemidiaphragm and lateral to the greater curvature of the stomach.